Facts of Nikola Tesla
|Full Name:||Nikola Tesla|
|Age:||162 years 9 months|
|Birth Date:||July 10, 1856|
|Death Date:||January 07, 1943|
|Birth Place:||Smiljan, Croatia|
|Father's Name:||Milutin Tesla|
|Mother's Name:||Đuka Tesla|
|Marital Status:||Not Known|
|Education:||Graz University of Technology, University of Graz, Gymnasium Karlovac|
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Nikola Tesla is a famous Serbian-American scientist who had great inventive and commercial success. He is best known as the designer of the modern alternating current electricity supply system. He experimented ad researched a lot and built the first wireless-operated and controlled boat. He would demonstrate his experiments to the elite and cream of the society and was known for his showmanship during public lectures.
Knowing more about Tesla would, indeed, help one grasp about his life and achievements. So let us get started!
Nikola Tesla and his childhood
Born on 10 July 1856, Nikola Tesla was a native of Smiljan in Lika County of Austrian Empire (present-day Croatia). His parents were Milutin Tesla and Duka Tesla. He acquired the creativity genes from his mother who, as he said, used to make home craft tools and useful mechanical appliances.
Tesla was highly intellectual like his mother Duka who surprisingly had received no formal education.
He was fourth of 5 children in the family. His sisters were Milka, Angelina, and Marica, and his brother Dane was killed in a horse-riding accident when Tesla was 5.
In high school, he was especially interested in physics and electricity. He graduated in 1873. His cholera affliction left him bedridden for nearly 9 months and his father, in despair, promised him a good engineering college if he comes out of the illness.
He fled in order to escape joining the armed force and it was during this time that he came in contact with valuable books and Mother Nature which made him physically and mentally strong.
In 1875, he joined Austrian Polytechnic, Graz. He was good initially and used to get good marks and also overwork, but ins second year, he took to gambling. He could not finish his course. At the end of 1878, he left Graz and his family.
Nikola Tesla work experience and career
Tesla started work as a draftsman and refused to return home. His father died in 1879 and Tesla too had multiple problems with his work and mentally. He joined again some course but did not complete it and then went on to work at the Budapest Telephone Exchange as a Chief Electrician. During his stint there, he made several improvements to the equipment there.
In 1882, he managed to get a job in Paris with the Continental Edison Company. His talent was noticed and he soon was promoted to build new and improved versions of the dynamos and motors. He was also sent to troubleshoot problems in their work in Germany and France.
Migration to the US
Tesla in 1884 migrated to the USA and started work at Machine Works in Manhattan. He had some problems with the company over his remuneration and quit 6 months after he had moved to the US.
He started making arc lighting systems and patenting them. Tesla Electric, Light, and manufacturing was born and he continued to work on the equipment and improvising on them. Things changed and his partners left him due to which he became penniless.
He did odd jobs to sustain himself. He wrote of those days:
“My high education in various branches of science, mechanics and literature seemed to me like a mockery”
With Alfred Brown, he formed the Tesla Electric Company in 1887 and they started making various patents. A laboratory for experiments was also set up and h developed an induction motor. He gained wealth and fame and in 1891 acquired naturalized citizenship of the US.
He worked on wireless technology and oscillating generators and did a number of successful experiments. He continued until the 1920s. He spent most of his money and lived in NY hotels the bills of which remained unpaid after his death.
Nikola Tesla death
Tesla never married. He died on 7 January 1943 in NY City. His work went out of the spotlight but in 1960, the magnetic flux density SI unit was named as Tesla in his honor. His work has seen a resurgence of interest in since the 1990s. His ashes have been preserved and kept at the Nikola Tesla Museum in Belgrade.